Im Ergebnis, so die BNetzA, werden in keinem Szenario sämtliche Speicherfüllstände erreicht. Ohne entsprechende Maßnahmen kann es ab November oder Dezember zu einer Gasmangellage für den Rest des Winters kommen, d.h. dann übersteigt die Nachfrage nach Gas das Angebot.
Eine Gasmangellage kann nur verhindert werden durch deutliche Gaseinsparungen von 20% im Inland und eine Reduzierung der Exporte. Sollten die Gaslieferungen über die Nord Stream1 vollständig ausfallen, sind zwingend zusätzliche Importe notwendig.
On 23 June 2022, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (abbreviated BMWK) declared the alert level of the Emergency Plan for Gas in Germany.
Declaration of the alert level in the Emergency Plan for Gas is the second of three escalation levels. It lies in the responsibility of the BMWK to declare the crisis levels. Authority intervention in the load flows by the federal dispatching centre (Federal Network Agency) does not take place until the third level (emergency level).
The Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, Robert Habeck, cited the reduction in gas deliveries from Russia since 14 June 2022 and the continuing soaring prices on the gas market as reasons for the announcement. Should Russia continue to deliver only 40 percent of the gas deliveries via Nord Stream 1, it will be difficult to achieve a storage level of 90 percent by December 2022 without additional measures, according to Habeck.
The transmission system operators (TSOs) are fulfilling their mandate and are taking measures to guarantee transmission capacity availability and network stability, also in the current market environment. They are therefore applying market-based instruments according to section 16 (1) of the Energy Industry Act (EnWG) in close coordination with the market area manager, Trading Hub Europe (THE). Currently, all networks are balanced and there are no gas shipping problems.
terranets bw continues to be in close exchange with authorities, transmission system operators, associations and customers, in particular distribution system operators, in the supply area. The status report of the Federal Network Agency informs you about the current supply situation at:
The Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Action (German: BMWK) announced the early warning level of the Emergency Plan for Gas in Germany on 30 March 2022.
terranets bw welcomes the announcement of the early warning level as a precautionary measure. Announcement of the early warning level facilitates that emergency processes can be established early and tested in advance in order to react quickly and take coordinated and targeted actions in the case of a crisis.
After announcement of the early warning level, terranets bw further intensified its close exchange with authorities, transmission system operators, associations and distribution system operators in the supply area.
The standardised communication process with its directly connected grid operators, authorities, directly connected end consumers, storage facility operators and the corresponding shippers began. Parallel to this and as a precautionary measure, terranets bw is querying the customer and consumption structure in its directly connected networks. terranets bw is also in exchange with end consumers. They are asked, for example, if they can switch to an alternative energy source and how much lead time they require.
The Guidelines for Gas Crisis Prevention describes in detail a procedure for congestion situations and standardised communication processes between transmission system operators and distribution system operators, end consumers, storage facility operators, shippers.
This includes processes such as
The grid operators have some room for assessing their actions within the customer groups of both non-protected and protected customers. The BDEW has drawn up application guidelines for grid operators for implementing section 16 (2) of the Energy Industry Act (EnWG) in the time of tension leading up to the occurrence of an Energy Security Act (EnSiG) case. This application support is published in the member section of the BDEW. To the application support in the Plus-Section (BDEW)
Discover more in the ENTSO-G "Summer Outlook" (28.04.2022).
This year once again, the German transmission system operators (TSOs) present a review of the national supply situation in the winter of 2021/2022. And the past winter was extraordinary in several respects. At the beginning of the winter, storage levels, which are an important indicator of supply security, were clearly below those of the previous year. At the same time, natural gas trading prices were so high that numerous gas traders withdrew gas from the storage facilities instead of filling them for the winter.
By closely monitoring storage levels, the transmission system operators could apply tried-and-tested, precautionary measures in December to safeguard security of supply, especially in Southern Germany, for a cold period at the end of the winter. Together with the market area manager, Trading Hub Europe (THE), Long Term Options (LTO) were contracted, which showed rapid effect. By the end of March 2022, storage levels developed to a normal seasonal level, albeit below average.
Russia´s attack on Ukraine has dramatically raised awareness for the security of supply for natural gas. The transmission system operators are fulfilling their responsibility to face this challenging situation and are preparing themselves on a European and German level for the loss of Russian gas deliveries as a possible scenario.
Discover more on the supply situation in the Winter Review 2021/2022 of the German transmission system operators, which is published on the website of the FNB Gas e.V. and that of terranets bw.