Mit ihrem Winterrückblick 2022/2023 nehmen die deutschen Fernleitungsnetzbetreiber (FNB) die Herausforderungen der vergangenen Monate detailliert in den Blick.
Die zentralen Erkenntnisse sind:
Im Jahr 2022 wurden wichtige Notfallprozesse entwickelt, wie die neu geschaffenen Regelungen zu Mindestfüllständen der Gasspeicher und die Sicherheitsplattform.
Die Versorgungslage ist nach dem Winter 2022/2023 weniger angespannt.
Gleichwohl wird Russlands Angriffskrieg auf die Ukraine auf den Energiemärkten weiter nachhallen. Unter bestimmten Umständen, insbesondere niedrigen Temperaturen, kann es im kommenden Winter noch immer zu einer Gasmangellage kommen.
Im Rahmen ihrer Verantwortung für den Transport leisten die FNB daher weiterhin im engen Schulterschluss mit allen Beteiligten ihren Beitrag zur künftigen Versorgungssicherheit.
Winterrückblick der deutschen Fernleitungsnetzbetreiber (PDF)
Die Versorgungssituation war in den vergangenen Monaten angespannt. Gleichwohl konnte die Gasversorgung durch die enge europäische und nationale Abstimmung jederzeit sichergestellt werden. Zum Ende des Winters 2022/2023 blicken wir auf den kommenden Winter und teilen unsere Einschätzung dazu, von welchen Vorbereitungen wir profitieren werden.
The market area monitor of the Trading Hub Europe shows all gas shipping data in and out of the market area.
An overview of European gas flows are provided by the ENTSOG GASFLOW DASHBOARD.
The GIE transparency platform shows an overview of European LNG imports.
The levels of all European gas storage facilities are published on the GIE transparency platform.
The DVGW publishes daily updated gas storage levels for Germany as well as a weather-depended consumption forecast and storage range.
The result is, according to the Federal Network Agency, that in no scenario were all storage levels reached. Without appropriate measures, a shortage of gas supply can arise from November or December for the rest of the winter, meaning demand for gas then exceeds supply.
A shortage of gas can only be prevented by achieving significant gas savings of 20% domestically and by reducing exports. Should there be a total loss of gas deliveries via Nord Stream 1, additional imports will be crucial.
The gas supply scenarios are published at
The gas supply scenarios are published at
Gas supply scenarios (PDF)
At an event on 14.09.2022, the Federal Network Agency provided information on the security platform. In this context, the agency also shared its understanding of its role as federal load dispatcher. It also explained the procedure for the case that shutdowns become necessary. The event document is published at: Federal Network Agency - Information Event on the Security Platform Gas
The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate action (BMWK) announced the early warning level of the Emergency Plan for Gas in Germany on 30 March 2022.
The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) announces the alert level of the Emergency Plan for Gas in Germany on 23 June 2022.
The grid operators have some room for assessing their actions within the customer groups of both non-protected and protected customers. The BDEW has drawn up application guidelines for grid operators for implementing section 16 (2) of the Energy Industry Act (EnWG) in the time of tension leading up to the occurrence of an Energy Security Act (EnSiG) case. This application support is published in the member section of the BDEW. To the application support in the Plus-Section (BDEW)
To calculate the natural gas consumption in the network areas of terranets bw, volumes are recorded that are transmitted from the network area to directly connected distribution system operators in Germany and neighbouring countries as well as to industrial end-consumers per month. Volumes injected into or withdrawn from storage facilities in the network areas are not taken into consideration in this natural gas consumption.
terranets bw publishes the natural gas consumption for its network areas Baden-Württemberg and Hesse in its gas supply status report on a monthly basis.
The Sandhausen storage facility is the only underground storage facility in Germany that exists for grid purposes. This means it is exclusively used for stabilising the network and for securing supply. This occurs predominantly when consumption fluctuates in the gas transmission system, for example when offtake is high due to very cold temperatures. The Sandhausen storage facility has a total working gas capacity of 30 million m3, meaning around 150,000 households in Baden-Württemberg can be supplied with natural gas for one month.
The storage level of the Sandhausen storage facility is published in the terranets bw status report on a weekly basis.
In accordance with Section 53a of the Energy Act (EnWG), protected customers include household customers along with additional end-consumers in the natural gas distribution system, basic social services (such as, for example, hospitals, preventive care and rehabilitation facilities and inpatient care facilities, fire services and police) as well as district heating plants. In the case of a gas shortage, the gas supply to protected customers can only be reduced if non-protected customers were previously disconnected and additional measures are nevertheless required. Non-protected customers include, for example, industrial companies.
In September 2022, the Federal Network Agency also published a definition of the essential needs of protected and non-protected customers in a national gas shortage at Current supply status > Background information veröffentlicht.
Network area of terranets bw
In the network area of terranets bw – in the networks of the 63 directly connected distribution system operators – approximately 25 % of the customers are not protected. This means around 75 % are protected customers. 22 industrial end-consumers are connected to the network.
Network coupling points (German: NKP) refer to connections between the terranets bw network and distribution systems via which households, trade and industry are supplied. Network connection points (German: NCP) refer to direct connections between the terranets bw network and the directly connected industrial end-consumers.
|Share of non-protected customer||23%||92%*|
|Share of system-relevant power stations||4%||0%|
|Share of protected customers||73%||8%|
* Share of protected customers related to industrial end-consumers, e.g. heating supply of a hospital via a combined heat and power plant (CHP)